AZ ROC KB 01-195643

Homes@SunlandDC.com

Roofs@SunlandDC.com

602-456-ROOF (7663)

Roofing Terms Glossary

Helpful Roofing Terms & Roofing Definitions

Check out the top roofing terms and roofing definitions to make it as easy as possible to discuss your needs with our team.

Asphalt
A bituminous waterproofing agent applied to roofing materials during manufacturing.

Back Surfacing
Fine mineral matter applied to the back side of shingles to keep them from sticking.

Blisters
Bubbles that may appear on the surface of asphalt roofing after installation.

Built-Up Roof
A flat or low-sloped roof consisting of multiple layers of asphalt and ply sheets.

Caulk
To fill a joint with mastic or asphalt cement to prevent leaks.

Class "A"
The highest fire-resistance rating for roofing as per ASTM E-108.  Indicates roofing is able to withstand severe exposure to fire originating from sources outside the building.

Class "B"
Fire-resistance rating that indicates roofing materials are able to withstand moderate exposure to fire originating from sources outside the building.

Class "C"
Fire-resistance rating that indicates roofing materials are able to withstand light
exposure to fire originating from sources outside the building.

Concealed Nail Method
Application of rolled roofing in which all nails are driven into the underlying course of roofing and covered by a cemented, overlapping course.  Nails are not exposed to the weather.

Condensation
The change of water from vapor to liquid when warm, moisture-laden air comes in contact with a cold surface.

Coverage
Amount of weather protection provided by the roofing material.

Deck/Sheathing
The surface, usually plywood or oriented strand board (OSB), to which roofing materials are applied.

Dormer
A small structure projecting from a sloped roof, usually with a window.

Downspout
A pipe for draining water from roof gutters.  Also called a leader.

Drip Edge
An L-shaped strip (usually metal) installed along roof edges to allow water run-off to drip clear of the deck, eaves and siding.

Eave
The horizontal lower edge of a sloped roof.

Edging Strips
Boards nailed along eaves and rakes after cutting back existing wood shingles to provide secure edges for re-roofing with asphalt shingles.

Fascia
A flat board, band or face located at a cornice's outer edge.

Felt/Underlayment
A sheet of asphalt-saturated material (often called tar paper) used as a secondary layer of protection for the roof deck.

Flashing
Pieces of metal or roll roofing used to prevent seepage of water into a building around any intersection or projection in a roof such as vent pipes, chimneys, adjoining walls, dormers and valleys.

Fire Rating
System for classifying the fire resistance of various materials. Roofing materials are rated Class A, B or C, with Class A materials having the highest resistance to fire originating outside the structure.

Gable
The upper portion of a sidewall that comes to a triangular point at the ridge of a sloping roof.

Granules
Ceramic-coated colored crushed rock that is applied to the exposed surface of asphalt roofing products.

Gutter
The trough that channels water from the eaves to the downspouts.

Insulation
A rigid board of various widths from 1/2 "to 6", usually applied with some form of mechanical fasteners. When more than one layer is applied the second layer will be applied with an adhesive, either hot or cold.

Interlocking shingles
Individual shingles that mechanically fasten to each other to provide wind resistance.

Louvers
Slatted devices installed in a gable or soffit (the underside of eaves) to ventilate the space below a roof deck and equalize air temperature and moisture.

Oriented strand board (OSB)
Roof deck panels (4 by 8 feet) made of narrow bits of wood, installed lengthwise and crosswise in layers and held together with a resin glue. OSB often is used as a substitute for plywood sheets.

Overhang
That portion of the roof structure that extends beyond the exterior walls of a building.

Penetrations
Vents, pipes, stacks, chimneys—anything that penetrates a roof deck.

Pitch
The degree of roof incline expressed as the ratio of the rise, in feet, to the span, in feet.

Rafters
The supporting framing to which a roof deck is attached.

Rake
The inclined edge of a roof over a wall.

Ridge
The top edge of two intersecting sloping roof surfaces.

Sheathing
The boards or sheet materials that are fastened to rafters to cover a house or building.

Soffit
The finished underside of the eaves.

Slope
Measured by rise in inches for each 12 inches of horizontal run: A roof with a 4-in-12 slope rises 4 inches for every foot of horizontal distance.

Square
The common measurement for roof area. One square is 100 square feet (10 by 10 feet).

Truss
Engineered components that supplement rafters in many newer homes and buildings. Trusses are designed for specific applications and cannot be cut or altered.

Underlayment
A layer of asphalt saturated (sometimes referred to as tar paper) which is laid down on a bare deck before shingles are installed to provide additional protection for the deck.

Valley
The angle formed at the intersection of two sloping roof surfaces.

Vapor Retarder
A material designed to restrict the passage of water vapor through a roof
system or wall.

Vent
Any device installed on the roof, gable or soffit for the purpose of ventilating the underside of the roof deck.

We Know Roofing

We have been in business since 1996, and with over 23 years of experience, we've seen it all. Get in touch for a free estimate on your roof repair or replacement. We won't take shortcuts when it comes to making your roof safe and secure.

 

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